Thursday, May 26, 2016

Memorial Day

O Judge of the nations, we remember before you with grateful hearts the men and women of our country who in the day of decision ventured much for the liberties we now enjoy. Grant that we may not rest until all the people of this land share the benefits of true freedom and gladly accept its disciplines. This we ask in the Name of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. (The Book of Common Prayer)
One of my (many) pet peeves is the confusion of Veterans Day and Memorial Day - which plays out all over social media. I mean, I get that it's not a huge issue - maybe in the same category as mixing up there, their and they're. But Veterans Day, which began as Armistice Day to mark the end of the First World War on 11/11 at 11 is a time to honor all of our veterans. Memorial Day honors those who lost their lives. 

Memorial Day goes back to Decoration Day - after the Civil War - as a time to decorate the graves of fallen soldiers with flowers. I cannot even begin to imagine the world of 1868. We think we are living in polarizing times and no doubt we are. But 620,000 soldiers died in the Civil War, roughly 2% of the U. S. population at the time. That's one in fifty persons. Every extended family must have felt that grief, and every town in America. 

Whatever our politics, and regardless of whether we believe a particular war to be justified or not, the men and women who die serving this nation in a time of war deserve our utmost respect and gratitude. As the prayer above puts it, "in the day of decision [they] ventured much for the liberties we now enjoy." We honor them best, however, not by empty rhetoric but with an abiding commitment to freedom. And it's disciplines. 

And, I think, to also work toward that day when war is studied no more, when swords are beaten into plowshares and spears into pruning hooks - that day when our young people are not sent off to die on the battlefield anymore. Or as President Eisenhower once said: 
Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired, signifies in the final sense a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. 
May we commit ourselves this weekend to being instruments of peace, for the sake of those
who gave their lives in times of war.

Sunday, May 15, 2016

Come, Holy Spirit

On this, the Feast of Pentecost, I'm going to be traveling with my bishop this morning to the Church of the Nativity in Northborough - a parish I've gotten to know well in the past year as we've walked though a clergy transition together. While I'm not preaching today, I decided that since I've been quiet on this blog since returning from Israel/Palestine that I would re-work an old sermon and post at least some portions of it here as a Pentecost offering. (The original sermon was preached at St. Francis Church in Holden on Pentecost 2003.) 

We gather this day to celebrate the sending of the Holy Spirit. In so doing, we are reminded that the Church is something more than a club or a place of learning or a place to find people to care for us or a social service agency. In and through Holy Baptism, we are called to be the Body of Christ. 

From time to time I am asked “why does the Church matter?” It’s a fair question to ask a priest. Why do we baptize and confirm and teach and send people out in mission?” One could argue that over the centuries, the Church has caused as much harm as good. All kinds of atrocities have been done by “Christian” people in the name of God and one doesn’t have to be a historian or social critic to know that.

Certainly God is bigger than the Church, and I think it’s good theology to admit that. The Spirit of God is like the wind, blowing where it will. Nevertheless, the Church claims that through this same Holy Spirit the baptized are called into covenant with God, to bear witness to what God has done in Jesus Christ, and to be agents of healing and reconciliation. It seems to me that when we fall short it’s because we aren’t paying attention to the Spirit. That doesn’t make the Church “null and void.” It just means we can and must be intentional about remembering who we are and continue to listen for the Spirit that leads us into all Truth. Today is an invitation to imagine what that might look like, if and when the Church is being what God intends it to be.

In the reading from the second chapter of Acts, Luke insists that we find this Spirit when we encounter “the other.” People who speak different languages are all in Jerusalem. But this story isn’t just about people who speak German or French or Russian or Armenian. People can speak the same “mother tongue” and still speak different languages. Sometimes that’s because we come from different generations. Other times it’s because we’re shaped by urban or suburban or rural values.

Communication is hard work! Most of us—even when raised in the Church—aren’t accustomed to seeing “the other” as a gift who can lead us into truth. We see them as a stumbling block and so we're tempted to build walls, not bridges. We are tempted to see them as a barrier to our getting what we want or think we need. When that happens we begin to allow fear to influence our words and our tones and our body language—and to block our willingness to listen. On both sides, conflict potentially escalates and authentic communication is hindered.

The story of that first Pentecost isn’t just about what happened one day a long time ago in Jerusalem. It’s a story about how the Spirit works: about how by the grace of God sometimes people do listen to, and even hear one another. Nelle Morton, a twentieth-century Christian educator, liked to use the phrase, “hearing one another to speech.” That is to say, when we listen for the Spirit alive in “the other," we are not being passive. Rather, we actively empower “the other” to speak their truth. Where that happens, whether in first-century Jerusalem or twenty-first century Massachusetts, the Holy Spirit is at work, and all are enriched and amazed in the process. The Church matters more than ever in a pluralistic society precisely because this story reminds us of what is possible when the Holy Spirit “shows up”—when people do “hear one another to speech” that leads to healing and to mission

Truth—the whole truth and nothing but the truth—is never something that any one of us can possess on our own. It requires community and intentionality. It requires plurality not singularity. “In Christ,” St. Paul insisted, “there is neither Jew nor Greek, neither male nor female.” On the great questions, one side never possesses the whole truth; and I believe it is the Spirit that pushes us into acknowledging that hard reality. Until we are able to hear, “each in his or her own native tongue.”

The Church is called to be an icon of what is possible—that is, an image of abundant life animated by God’s Holy Spirit. That is at the heart of what Pentecost is really all about: the Church as the Church, showing the world what is possible when the Spirit of God is trusted for guidance, and wisdom, and comfort.

That doesn’t mean there will be no conflict, and in fact the rest of Acts is filled with brutal honesty about just how difficult it is to be the Church. That keeps us from falling into the trap of a false kind of idealism that any of this is easy. But Pentecost insists that our agendas do not get the last word—that always the Church is meant to be a place where the simple question is asked: “what does God desire here?”  Where is the Spirit blowing? 

That doesn’t ensure that we will always get it right. But it does mean that we develop the practice of looking beyond ourselves for guidance. It doesn’t mean that everyone will speak the same language. But it does mean that we are intentionally becoming multilingual, that we are intentional about being a listening community, where we “hear one another to speech.”

The poets may be our best guides in this endeavor. So I close with the text of Timothy Rees’ hymn, found in the Hymnal 82 on page 511.  

                        Holy Spirit, ever living as the Church’s very life;
                        Holy Spirit, ever striving through her in a ceaseless strife;
                        Holy Spirit, ever forming in the Church the mind of Christ:
thee we praise with endless worship for thy fruits and gifts unpriced.

Holy Spirit, ever working through the Church’s ministry;
quickening, strengthening, absolving, setting captive sinners free;
Holy Spirit, ever binding age to age, and soul to soul
in a fellowship unending: thee we worship and extol.

Monday, May 2, 2016

Postscript: The Binding of Isaac

With Brothers John and Curtis, SSJE, in Jerusalem
The Temple Mount in Jersualem is one of the holiest of places in the holiest of cities in the Holy Land. Traditionally associated with Mount Moriah, where the Binding of Issac (or for Muslims, of Ishmael) took place, today the Dome of the Rock is there. It is a contested place - see this Op-Ed piece from just a couple of days ago. 

Many rabbis, including the Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem, have urged Jews not to go up on the Temple Mount to pray. While we were there, however, we had the place mostly to ourselves because a Jewish group did come up right behind us while we were there (against the shouts of fellow Jews telling them they had "no business doing so" and a sign from the Chief Rabbi warning Jews against doing so.) In fact, there are two separate entrances to the Temple Mount: the one we and the Israeli Jews went in, and a separate one where Muslims enter (where we saw Muslims being turned away as we exited; it seemed very clear that the authorities were trying to avoid confrontations.)

I don't know enough about this to have an informed opinion. I share it as prelude only to saying how easily "holy" places can become "unholy places." That is a theological question, not just a political one. 

But back to Mount Moriah. One of the things about a pilgrimage like the one I just returned from is that you have lots of theological conversations along the way. I got to talking with one of my new friends about the Binding of Isaac and a sermon I preached once on that text - as one way into finding meaning from that very challenging story from Genesis 22.

Upon returning home I went back to find the sermon, having promised to pass it along. It occurred to me in re-reading it that it might make for an interesting postscript here. The sermon was originally preached at St. Francis Church in Holden, MA on June 26, 2005. Because we use a three-year lectionary cycle, it won't come up again in our readings until the summer of 2017. 


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The Word of the Lord—thanks be to God! Like Pavlov’s dogs we’ve been well trained, and the response rolls off our tongues. But it’s difficult for most of us to be truly thankful for this strange word that comes to us today from the twenty-second chapter of the scroll of Genesis. It’s the kind of text that, when we really do hear it, will begin to haunt us, if it doesn’t already.  

Do we really want to teach people “blind obedience” to every voice they think they hear and identify with “God’s will?” I much prefer the texts where Abraham, and later Moses and Job and so many others argue with and even challenge God. Why doesn’t Abraham say, in this text, “what, are you crazy God?”

Now let’s be clear: Isaac is not sacrificed. The story we heard is of the binding of Isaac, and of course his life is spared when the story ends with the sighting of a ram in the thicket.

But still, at what price? What scars will both Abraham and Isaac carry around for the rest of their lives because of Abraham’s “obedience?” So if it all happened that way, it makes me a little crazy that it did. And crazier still to wonder what kind of a faith community would continue to tell such a story. This is one instance where I kind of wish the lectionary committee would just ignore a text and leave it alone, and try to forget it ever happened.

But of course that isn’t possible. It is not possible to forget such a story as this or to sweep it under the carpet. Given that fact, the only thing for us to do is to ponder it, to wrestle with it, to struggle with it. Maybe when faith comes too easily for us—when we can tie it all up and figure it out and reduce it to bullet points—then maybe that isn’t really faith. At least it’s not Biblical faith. Maybe in a society that craves instant answers and simplistic solutions, one of the tasks for people of faith is to keep on telling difficult stories, because genuine faith has got to be bigger than us. It has to surpass our understanding. If texts like this remind us that we are not God and that we don’t have all the answers, and if they bring us to our knees and remind us that we still see through a glass dimly—well then maybe that’s reason enough to haul this text out every now and again and consider it in our journey to be followers of an inscrutable God.

So my job today as a preacher of God’s Word isn’t to explain it away. It’s to try to explore it with you as best we can, with God’s help.

Some of the rabbinic teachings interpret this text allegorically, focusing on Isaac as a representative of the Jewish people. Isaac is both bound and silenced. Jews know what that means, to be bound, and to be silenced—especially after the Holocaust. So the text tells an awful and painful truth: it turns out that being a chosen people isn’t all it’s cracked up to be, or as someone has noted “if this is how God treats His friends, I’d hate to see how He treats His enemies!”

In a similar fashion, some Christian scholars also interpret this text allegorically, as a kind of foreshadowing of the Cross. Abraham is not required to sacrifice his son, his only son, Isaac. But another father, God the Father, will in fact sacrifice his son, his only son, Jesus, on another hill, far away (where there stands an old rugged cross.) What God does not require of Abraham, God chooses for His own Son.

Each of these allegorical interpretations come up short for me, though. It feels like cheating. Theologically they are probably both right. But for what it’s worth, for me they move too quickly away from the horror of the text itself to sermonizing on the text. They may be right, but for me it is necessary to linger a while longer with the text itself.

What does it mean to say that God tests Abraham? Walter Brueggemann points out that you find “testing” in the Bible whenever the dangers of syncretism are greatest. That is to say, God tests people of faith when the stakes are highest, when it is easiest to sell out to the dominant culture and to create false gods and graven images. It’s as if that is when God’s people especially need to be clear about not compromising the faith. So maybe we need to lean in, living at a time and in a place where we face those dangers too.

“Testing” may sound to many of us like a primitive notion, like an Old Testament theme. But don’t forget there is a lot of testing in the New Testament too. And the early church felt tested daily as it tried to be faithful in an empire hostile to its message. The prayer we pray every week asks God to “lead us not into temptation.” Or, more accurately, to “save us from the time of trial.” Don’t test us, God, not like you tested Abraham! Even more to the point, when we do face times of trial it feels to most of us like we are being tested, whether by God, the devil, or life itself it’s hard to tell. But when the doctor says “cancer” it still feels like some kind of test to most of us.

In both testaments, the Lord is a jealous god: God wants all of us. That’s what we’ve been hearing about from Jesus in Matthew’s Gospel over the past few weeks as well, about how hard discipleship is. God wants our whole hearts, and our whole minds, and our whole souls. Seek ye first the Kingdom of God, we blithely sing. But first means first, and that means even above family relationships.

So Abraham is tested: where does his trust lie now that he has a son, now that God has delivered on the Promise? Is the future all secure and settled and resting on Isaac’s shoulders? Or is God still the only One who deserves Abraham’s trust, since the future still belongs to God? Abraham has to wrestle with a profound faith question that to a lesser extent all parents must wrestle with on some level. Isaac is the one; he is (as the text reminds us) the only one left. What an amazing burden that must have been for him! What tremendous responsibility!

Imagine being Isaac, and being told the story of how mom and dad left the land they knew behind, left kin, because of the Voice of God, because of a Promise. And now he is the fulfillment of that Promise. It’s hard enough to be a kid in this world, but what a terrible weight that must have been when all Isaac wanted to do was go out and play with the other kids in the neighborhood. I wonder if Abraham and Sarah weren’t just a tad bit overprotective of this son of theirs, born to them late in life. (Who could blame them if they were tempted to be helicopter parents?)

“Mom, can I go over to Johnny’s this afternoon?” No…I want you to stay here and play in the yard, where I can see you, Isaac. “But mom, I’m thirty-four years old!!”

So maybe it is his attachment to Isaac that Abraham has to let go of. Our kids are not our own. Our kids have their own dreams, their own hopes, and their own gifts. If we can learn to see parenting as a ministry, as a kind of stewardship, then we begin to grasp that while there are no guarantees there is at least a chance that we will not stifle our kids with our own agendas, our own neuroses, our own fears. (All of us need to be reminded of this when our kids are looking at colleges, or preparing for their wedding day.)

Or to put it another way: the job of being God is already taken. God is still the one with the weight of the world on Her shoulders, not Abraham, not Sarah, and not Isaac. Not you or me.

Maybe Father Abraham helps us to remember that we mustn’t sacrifice our kids on the altar of the culture’s ideas of success, or the altar of some lesser god. And in a sense, when we baptize our children we are in a very real way climbing our own Mount Moriahs. We baptize them into the death of Christ, so they can be made alive to God. We give them back to God. We let them go. And then God turns around and entrusts us (with God’s help and with the faith community’s help) to “raise them into the full stature of Christ.”

Let me offer one more word, I hope that in the midst of this very difficult text it is a word of grace and hope that gives us the courage to keep on struggling with it. While it may be difficult for most of us to read past verse one, to get beyond the notion of God testing Abraham, we need to keep on reading to the end. There we heard: “the Lord does provide.” This is a very difficult translation. The Jewish Publication Society version says that “there is vision.” Everett Fox says “Yahweh sees” Literally, that is probably exactly right.

The question then, is this: what does seeing have to do with providing? A clue is provided to us by the great Karl Barth, who pointed out that the Latin root for the word provision.  Pro-vision—get it?Literally “to see before.” Or better still, “to see to.” On Mt. Moriah, God “sees to things.” God sees to it that there is a ram in the thicket. God has the vision here, even before Abraham can see it clearly. God provides the means for faith to grow and to deepen.

I wonder if that isn’t an even harder act of faith sometimes than being tested; namely, to see a way out when it is provided. To look and to trust that the Lord is to be seen there. That the Lord is seeing what comes next, even when we can’t.

Jesus said, “consider the lilies of the field and the birds of the air.” That is—see the world! Really see it! See that the Lord does provide for your needs, does provide a way out—even when you are tested. When the Israelites faith is tested in the wilderness, the Lord will provide manna and water. When Jesus is tested in the wilderness, the Lord provides angels to minister to him.

So, too, with us. There will be times in our lives when our faith is tested. Times when we feel we are in the wilderness with no options before us.  I can’t explain that or understand it fully—and I wish it were not so. I wish we all were always saved from the time of trial. But I know better than that. The truth is that the deeper we go into the heart of God, the more likely it is that we will find ourselves in some measure climbing Mt. Moriah.

We will most definitely find our faith tested. But when we do, it helps to remember that the God we know—the God we love, and who loves us—does provide. God does “see to things” envisioning a brighter future before we can. Even when it does sometimes seem to come at the last possible minute. Even when it does follow the long and lonely and arduous climb up the Mt. Moriahs of our own lives.

God sees. The Lord provides. Our job is simply to look up, so that we might see for ourselves, and give thanks.